Barclay, Robert (1648-1690)
Barclay, Robert, the apologist of the Quakers, was born at Gordonstown, near Elgin, December 23, 1648. His father, Col. David Barclay (1610-86), had served under Gustavus Adolphus, and in 1666 became a convert to Quakerism. Kobert was educated at the Scots College at 1 aris, of which his uncle was rector; and here he withstood every temptation to embrace Catholicism. He returned to Scotland in 1664, and in lb67joined the Society of Friends. He prosecuted ills studies ardently, married a Quakeress in 1670, I and became involved in controversies in which he showed himself the superior in logic and learning, no less than in tolerance. In 1672 he startled Aberdeen by walking through its streets in sackcloth and ashes. He suffered much persecution and was frequently imprisoned, but at last round a protector in the Duke of York, afterwards James II. He made several journeys into Holland and Germany, the last in company with William Penn and George Fox. He was one of the twelve Quakers who acquired East New Jersey m 1682, and was appointed its nominal governor. He visited London, but continued to live at his estate of Urie, near Stonehaven where he died October 3, 1690. Barclay's works were collected in 1692 in a folio entitled Truth Triumphant (3 vols. 1717-18). The greatest is An Apology for the True Christian Divinity held by the Quakers (1678). See Life by M. C. Cadbury (1912).
1. Chamber's Biographical Dictionary, Philadelphia, 1926, page 68.
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